This oil film
In the crankcase of a vehicle engine, motor oil lubricates rotating or sliding surfaces between the crankshaft journal bearings (main bearings and big-end bearings), and rods connecting the pistons to the crankshaft. The oil collects in an oil pan, or sump, at the bottom of the crankcase. In some small engines such as lawn mower engines, dippers on the bottoms of connecting rods dip into the oil at the bottom and splash it around the crankcase as needed to lubricate parts inside. In modern vehicle engines, the oil pump takes oil from the oil pan and sends it through the oil filter into oil galleries, from which the oil lubricates the main bearings holding the crankshaft up at the main journals and camshaft bearings operating the valves. In typical modern vehicles, oil pressure-fed from the oil galleries to the main bearings enters holes in the main journals of the crankshaft. From these holes in the main journals, the oil moves through passageways inside the crankshaft to exit holes in the rod journals to lubricate the rod bearings and connecting rods. Some simpler designs relied on these rapidly moving parts to splash and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. However, in modern designs, there are also passageways through the rods which carry oil from the rod bearings to the rod-piston connections and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. This oil film also serves as a seal between the piston rings and cylinder walls to separate the combustion chamber in the cylinder head from the crankcase. The oil then drips back down into the oil pan.45
Motor oil may also serve as a cooling agent. In some constructions oil is sprayed through a nozzle inside the crankcase onto the piston to provide cooling of specific parts that undergo high temperature strain. On the other hand, the thermal capacity of the oil pool has to be filled, i.e. the oil has to reach its designed temperature range before it can protect the engine under high load. This typically takes longer than heating the main cooling agent ? water or mixtures thereof ? up to its operating temperature. In order to inform the driver about the oil temperature, some older and most high performance or racing engines feature an oil thermometer.
Due to its high viscosity, motor oil is not always the preferred oil for certain applications. Some applications make use of lighter products such as WD-40, when a lighter oil is desired, or honing oil if the desired viscosity needs to be mid-range.6
What to remember choosing a car abroad?
Trip by car from abroad can provide a lot of positive emotions. Choosing just a means of transportation, we can afford the time of a little more freedom, so stop in every beautiful and interesting place we meet along the way. But before we go on a trip, please refer to the traffic regulations in force in the countries through which we intend to drive. In addition, we take out appropriate insurance, and above all - thoroughly check the car. This reliable service to guarantee a safe trip without unpleasant surprises. If, before departure, verify the efficiency of all systems and mechanisms, does not surprise us any fault in the way.
Servicing cars after accidents
One of the most common causes of damage to the cars are all sorts of road accidents. While serious incidents of road servicing of such cars may be even unprofitable, because the costs arising from the repair would exceed the value of the car. Servicing a car after an accident is very difficult not only because it is usually the failure of such an event is a lot of car parts. It is also complicated because sometimes resulting dents and other damage to prevent, for example, look inside the hood to find all the problems with the car. On the other hand, the repair may be necessary, because the car is often essential for benefiting people transportation.